Timeline of Fundamental Physics
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250 BCE | Archimedes' principle: Archimedes |
1514 | Heliocentrism: Nicholas Copernicus |
1589 | Galileo's Leaning Tower of Pisa experiment: Galileo Galilei |
1600 | Earth's magnetic field discovered : William Gilbert |
1613 | Inertia: Galileo Galilei |
1621 | Snell's law: Willebrord Snellius |
1660 | Pascal's Principle: Blaise Pascal |
1660 | Hooke's law: Robert Hooke |
1687 | Laws of motion and law of gravity: Newton |
1780 | |
1782 | Conservation of matter: Lavoisier |
1785 | Inverse square law for electric charges confirmed: Coulomb |
1801 | Wave theory of light: Young |
1803 | Atomic theory of matter: Dalton |
1805 | |
1806 | Kinetic energy: Young |
1814 | Wave theory of light, interference: Fresnel |
1820 | Evidence for electromagnetic interactions: Ampère, Biot, Savart |
1824 | Ideal gas cycle analysis, internal combustion engine: Sadi Carnot |
1827 | Electrical resistance, etc.: Ohm |
1830 | |
1838 | Lines of force, fields: Michael Faraday |
1838 | Earth's magnetic field: Weber |
1842–3 | Conservation of energy: Mayer, Kelvin |
1842 | Doppler effect: Kelvin |
1845 | Faraday rotation (light and electromagnetic): Faraday |
1847 | Conservation of energy 2: Joule, Helmholtz |
1850–1 | Second law of thermodynamics: Clausius, Kelvin |
1855 | |
1857–9 | Kinetic theory: Clausius, Maxwell |
1861 | Black body: Kirchhoff |
1863 | Entropy: Clausius |
1864 | Dynamical theory of the electromagnetic field: Maxwell |
1867 | Dynamic theory of gases, Maxwell |
1880 | |
1871–89 | Statistical mechanics: Boltzmann, Gibbs |
1884 | Boltzmann derives Stefan's radiation law |
1887 | Electromagnetic waves: Hertz |
1893 | Radiation law: Wien |
1895 | X-rays: Röntgen |
1896 | Radioactivity: Becquerel |
1897 | Electron: Thomson |
1900 | Formula for Black body radiation: Planck |
1905 | |
1905 | Special relativity: Einstein Photoelectric effect: Einstein Brownian motion: Einstein |
1911 | Equivalence principle Discovery of the atomic nucleus: Rutherford Superconductivity: Kamerlingh Onnes |
1913 | Bohr model of the atom: Bohr |
1916 | General relativity: Einstein |
1919 | Light bending confirmed |
1922 | Friedmann proposes expanding universe |
1923 | Stern–Gerlach
experiment Matter waves Galaxies Particle nature of photons confirmed |
1925–7 | Quantum mechanics |
1925 | Stellar structure understood |
1927 | Big Bang: Lemaître |
1928 | Antimatter predicted: Dirac |
1929 | Expansion of universe confirmed: Hubble |
1930 | |
1932 | Antimatter discovered: Anderson Neutron discovered: Chadwick |
1933 | Invention of the electron microscope: Ernst Ruska |
1937 | Muon discovered: Anderson & Neddermeyer |
1938 | Superfluidity discovered Energy production in stars understood |
1939 | Uranium fission discovered |
1944 | Theory of magnetism in 2D: Ising model |
1947 | Pion discovered |
1948 | Quantum electrodynamics |
1955 | |
1948 | Invention of the maser and laser - Charles Townes |
1956 | Electron neutrino discovered |
1956–7 | Parity found violated |
1957 | Superconductivity explained |
1959–60 | Role of topology in quantum physics, predicted and confirmed |
1962 | SU(3) theory of strong interactions Muon neutrino found |
1963 | Quarks predicted = Murray Gell-Mann and George Zweig |
1967 | Unification of weak and electromagnetic interactions Solar neutrino problem found Pulsars (neutron stars) discovered |
1968 | Experimental evidence for quarks found |
1968 | Dark matter theories - Vera Rubin |
1970–3 | Standard Model of elementary particles invented |
1971 | Helium 3 superfluidity |
1974 | Black hole radiation predicted Renormalization group Charmed quark found |
1975 | Tau lepton found |
1977 | Bottom quark found |
1980 | |
1980 | Quantum Hall effect |
1981 | Theory of cosmic inflation proposed |
1982 | Fractional quantum Hall effect |
1995 | Bose–Einstein condensate found: Wolfgang Ketterle |
1995 | Top quark found |
1998 | Accelerating expansion of universe found |
1999 | Slow light experimentally demonstrated: Lene Vestergaard Hau |
2000 | Tau neutrino found |
2003 | WMAP observations of cosmic microwave background |
2005 | |
2012 | Higgs Boson found |
2014 | Gravitational waves detected from cosmic microwave background |
Last modified: Saturday, March 5, 2022, 12:25 AM